India and the Indian Ocean: Sustainability, Security and Development


24 Feb 2018 to 24 Feb 2018

24 Feb 2018

The emerging dynamics of international diplomacy has put the spotlight on the Indian Ocean region (IOR) as it connects the Middle East, Africa, and East Asia with Europe and the Americas thus emerging as the theatre of 21st century geopolitics. The US naval strategist, Rear Admiral Alfred Thayer Mahan had rightly observed, “Whoever controls the Indian Ocean dominates Asia. This ocean is the key to the seven seas in the twenty-first century, the destiny of the world will be decided in these waters.” Movement across these waters is both facilitated and potentially constrained by several key choke points– the Mozambique Channel, the Bab el Mandeb, the Suez Canal, the Strait of Hormuz, the Malacca Straits, the Sunda Strait, and the Lombok Strait. Stretching eastward from the Horn of Africa to the Indonesian archipelago and beyond, the IOR acts as a vital channel for Western military supplies and the Persian Gulf hydrocarbon resources. Most international commerce flows through this route.

India and the Indian Ocean: Sustainability, Security and Development
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